Republic act 8750 on seat belt law in the Philippines: Know it, Follow it

Updated Aug 16, 2022 | Same topic: Let's Drive Smart!

Seat belt law in the Philippines: To avoid fine or to save your life?

Every car is equipped with seatbelts to ensure the safety of its driver and passengers, but most of the time, we often forget about wearing seatbelts. There are also times where we intentionally disregard it since it's pretty uncomfortable and it limits our movement in the car.

That's why seatbelts are often relegated to just mere decoration in the car.

Well, not anymore since there is already a seatbelt law in the Philippines and we will discuss it in this article from

1. Republic Act 8750: Seat belt use Act of 1999

The Republic Act No. 8750 known as the Seat Belts Use of Act states that the driver and passengers (both rear and front passengers) of private and public vehicles are required to use and wear their seat belts every time they're inside a car with the running engine on any street, road, and highway.

This leaves the drivers and passengers with no valid excuse as to why they aren't using their respective seatbelt while driving.

Seatbelt law Philippines

Both drivers and passenger are required to wear a seatbelt while driving

The purpose of the Seat Belt Law in the Philippines is to reduce the chances of deaths and injuries from road crashes. This law also bans children six years and younger from occupying the front seat of any vehicle with a running engine even if the child is wearing a seatbelt as stated in Section 5.

Kids in front seat of the car

This law also bans children six years and younger from occupying the front seat of any vehicle

>>> Also check out: Seat belts safety: 5 things you need to know

2. R.A 8750 Seat Belt Law: Effectivity & Mandatory Use of Act

“An Act Requiring the Mandatory Compliance by Motorists of Private and Public Vehicles to Use Seat Belt Devices, and Requiring Vehicle Manufacturers to Install Seat Belt Devices in all Their Manufactured Vehicles” is the full title of the Republic Act No. 8750.

The R.A 8750 Seat Belt Law was approved on August 5, 1999, and effective nationwide starting May 1, 2000. Stated in Section 6 of the said Act, the coverage includes drivers and front-seat passengers of private and public vehicles and all other mother vehicles determined by the internal rules and regulations (IRR) thereon.

As emphasized in Section 4, The Mandatory Use of Seat Belts is for the driver and passenger’s safety. Both private and public motor vehicles are required to use and wear their safety seat belt devices every time they are inside a car in any streets, road, and highways.

Not wearing seatbelt

The penalty for not wearing seatbelt in the Philippines will be up to P500

>>> Read more: Wearing seatbelt, to avoid fine or save life?

For private vehicles

All the passengers, including both front and rear-seat passengers, are required to wear their respective seat belts all the time.

For public vehicles

The driver is required to inform his front seat passengers to wear his or her seatbelts upon boarding the vehicle. For passengers who will refuse to use seat belt devices, they will not be allowed to board the vehicle and continue his or her trip.

For the case of special public service vehicles like school bus or school services and the likes, it is determined by the IRR that drivers, front-seat passengers and the first row passengers (those seated behind the driver) is required to use and wear their respective seatbelts every time they’re  inside the vehicle of running engine.

Wear seatbelt on PUVs

Front passengers on public transports must wear a seatbelt

>>> Related post: Complete guide to adjust car seat belts

3. Seat belt law Philippines: Penalty and Fines

For Drivers

The penalty for not wearing seatbelt in the Philippines or failed to inform and require their passengers to wear seat belts will be penalized accordingly

1st offense
  • P100 but not exceeding P1,000
2nd offense
  • P200 but not exceeding P2,000
3rd and succeeding offense
  • P500 but not exceeding P5,000
  • One-week suspension of the driver's license

For drivers of PUVs failed to instruct front-seat passengers to wear seat belts, the seat belt law Philippines penalty will be a minimum fine of P300 but not exceeding P3,000 for each violation.

Traffic enforcer

For passengers who are not wearing seatbelt devices will also be penalized

For Importers, assemblers, manufacturers, and distributors of the vehicle

Offense Fine
1st offense
  • P5000 but not exceeding P10,000
  • 1-year suspension to import, assemble, manufacture and distribute vehicles
2nd offense
  • P10,000 but not exceeding P20,000
  • 2-year suspension to import, assemble, manufacture and distribute vehicles
3rd and succeeding offense
  • P20,000 but not exceeding P50,000
  • No less than 5-year suspension to import, assemble, manufacture and distribute vehicles

>>> Worth to note: Complete list of LTO fines and penalties in the Philippines

4. Importance of Seat belts

If you're driving or in a car that crasher at 50 kilometers per hour and you are not buckled up, you will feel the same force of impact as someone who hit the ground after falling from a 4-story building.

And during this incident, you will not be able to brace yourself. That is why seatbelts are a vital part of every motor vehicle.

  • The seatbelt distributes the impact of the crash to the chest and pelvis which are two of the strongest body parts of the human body.
  • It keeps the occupants of the car from being thrown out of the vehicle or against its interiors like the dashboard and windshield.
  • It stops the passengers from hitting other passengers of the car.

woman wearing seatbelt

The seatbelt keeps the occupants of the car from being thrown out of the vehicle or against its interiors

This seatbelt is considered to be the most effective car safety device ever invented. However, many people are still unaware of the dangers of not wearing their seatbelt.

That's why the Seatbelt Law and the Child Safety in Motor Vehicles Act of the Philippines is a great help to minimize the risk of injuries and death if ever a car crash or a collision occurs.

Hanna Sanchez

Hanna Sanchez


Hanna is one of the most competitive swimmers in the country during her day. It was not long before she discovered her passion for the automotive industry as well. Nowadays, she balances her passion through writing as well as coaching.

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