The DOs and DON’Ts of changing a flat tire [Philkotse Guide]

Updated Feb 08, 2021 | Same topic: Handy Maintenance Tips

Just some safety tips to keep in mind.

It’s not an ideal situation, but a flat tire is an inseparable part of car ownership. You’ll never know when some rusty screw or stray nail will wreak havoc on your tire (and your journey).

Worse, you won’t always get an opportunity to have the car limp to the nearest vulcanizing shop or gas station.   

Rusty screw

The bane of all motorists on the road

Changing a flat tire looks simple enough: jack up the car, replace the tire with a spare, and soon you can get going again.

But the importance of doing things properly for safety can’t be emphasized enough, especially when it involves a machine that weighs at least a ton (or thereabouts). Otherwise, a simple flat tire will be the least of your problems.

Keep these things in mind when changing a flat tire:

Do have the necessary tools

At the very least, you’ll need to have a hydraulic jack with the accompanying rod.


Always have these in the car on every drive

A tire wrench is also necessary, both to loosen the lug nuts on the flat tire and to remove the spare tire from its mounting, whether inside or outside the car. An early warning device is also a must. All these are standard accessories on every new car.

>>> Related: How to remove tire from rim

Do mind the jacking points

Practically all cars share the same idea of having four wheels, an engine, and a steering wheel. For everything else, they’re built just a little bit differently from each other.

That includes where the jacks should be positioned in the underbody. It’s a good idea to read your car’s user manual in advance, which locates the proper jacking points for your particular model.

Do engage the parking brake

Before you get to work on changing the tire, you’ll need to make sure that the car is stable. Having the car move at any time poses a danger not only to yourself but to other road users.


The handbrake prevents your car from making unnecessary movements

Engaging the parking brake locks the rear wheels in place to prevent the car from moving unnecessarily. Even better, you can place a wheel chock or rocks on the other tires for extra security, especially if you’re at an incline.

>>> Related: Fix-a-Flat and Tire Pressure Monitoring System: What you need to know

Do wear protective gloves

As your car’s point of contact with the ground, tires are surrounded by muck and grime. A pair of leather or even latex gloves helps protect your hands while you handle a dirty tire.

It's a good idea to wear gloves while changing a flat tire

Although working on a car always is a manual activity, there’s no reason not to stay hygienic while doing so. Plus, it lessens the risk of injuries.

>>> Related: Benefits & drawbacks of tubeless tires, Run-flat tires & self-inflating tires

Don’t ignore the right jack

Your car should be equipped with the proper jack for its weight.

Hydraulic jack

Make sure you have the right jack for your vehicle

Standard-sized cars can safely use a jack rated at one-and-a-half tons, while larger cars such as SUVs will require at least a jack with a 3-ton rating. Using a smaller jack on a bigger car could result in damage to both.  

Don’t loosen the lug nuts after lifting the car

If you jack up the car first, it will be more difficult to loosen the nuts since the wheel will just spin in the air. This is also dangerous since the increased effort will wobble the car.

Loosening the lug nuts prior to applying the jack makes it easier to remove them (and the wheel) once the car has been lifted. 

Don’t forget to bring out the spare first

Another thing to remember before using the jack is to take out the spare tire first when the car is much more stable.

Spare tire

Have the spare tire ready even before sliding the jack underneath the car

If you do so after the car has been raised, the elevated height and tilted angle will make it harder to get the spare tire out safely.

>>> Related: Tire Price List in the Philippines: A Quick Guide

Don’t let the nuts dry up

Since the wheels are constantly exposed to outside conditions as you drive, water and temperature extremes can take their toll on the lug nuts in the form of rust and cracks.

It’s a good idea to bring grease or any penetrating lubricant that you can apply on the nuts prior to retightening them, to prevent future problems.

More car tips are in store for you at

Joseph Paolo Estabillo

Joseph Paolo Estabillo


Joseph has been a member of various car clubs since he got his driver's license in 2004 – old enough to remember riding in taxicabs with analog meters, but his fascination with cars goes way back. After nearly two decades of working in broadcast media, he shifted gears by coming on board as Philkotse’s first Filipino member and staff writer in 2017.

Apart from his role in Philkotse as Content Team Lead, Joseph has written episodes for Drive, which has been airing on CNN Philippines for five seasons running. He has also delivered content for various car dealerships based in the U.S., spanning multiple brands such as Alfa Romeo, Maserati, Jeep, Dodge, among others.

Keeping his hopes high and his revs low, he dreams about owning a Kei car when he retires. Hates slow parkers.

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